Young Professionals with Disabilities Entering the Job Market and the Role of Supported Education
The "Supported Education" model supports young people with their professional integration. Young people with disabilities are trained in companies of the regular (unsubsidised) employment market and accompanied by "job coaches". The training conditions closely resemble the job market and are seen as a good preparation for later experiences in the primary labour market. Within the context of dual vocational training, especially within the training in "protected environment", however, we know very little about success rates compared with other training models.
As part of the present study, 115 former students were asked the following questions in semi-structured phone interviews: Looking back on your training, how do you rate it? What is your job situation now and how happy are you with it? For the purpose of comparison, six training providers with varying proximity to the primary labor market were included.
The results show that, after having completed their training, some 60% of interviewees are employed in the regular employment market. Successful transition into the job market seems to depend on the individual resources and disabilities of those young people. The study shows that, especially for interviewees with emotional and social disabilities, the Supported Education training model has advantages over training in a protected environment, and that it leads to greater satisfaction in working life.